DENTAL IMPLANTS - A Short Note


Dental implants are metal posts or frames that are surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath your gums. The dental implant acts as a replacement for the root of a missing tooth .Having a dental implant fused to the jawbone is the closest thing to mimicking a natural tooth because it stands on its own without affecting the nearby teeth and has great stability.The process of fusion between the dental implant and jawbone is called “osseointegration.
Most dental implants are made of titanium. The main reason why titanium is often used in the body is due to titanium’s biocompatibility and, with surface modifications, bioactive surface. Dental implants can be used to replace a single tooth, several teeth, or all of the teeth. The goal of teeth replacement in dentistry is to restore function as well as esthetics.
STRUCTURE OF DENTAL IMPLANTS 
tooth-replacement-option
Implants are also threaded ; when they are screwed into the bone, they collect bone tissue so that the implant is as stable as possible when it integrates into the bone.Abutment support the implant.
Types of Dental Implants :
Endosteal implants — these are surgically implanted directly into the jawbone. These dental implants are the most commonly used for two-stage procedures. They are surgically implanted directly into the jaw bone and are an alternative to bridges or detachable dentures
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Subperiosteal implants — these consist of a metal frame that is fitted onto the jawbone just below the gum tissue. As the gums heal, the frame becomes fixed to the jawbone. Posts, which are attached to the frame, protrude through the gums. As with endosteal implants, artificial teeth are then mounted to the posts.
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Implant classifications are many according to implant body design ,based on surface of the implant ,according to their head type and size and according to their shape .It will be different for different use .

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